The upside-down logic of US policy in the Middle East is one of the great foreign policy conundrums of our time. The March 2006 article “The Israel Lobby” by Stephen M. Walt and and John J. Mearsheimer, and the bestselling book that followed, attributed our pro-Israel policy to the power of the itself. Others, including Noam Chomsky, have criticized this approach as overly simplistic. In Congress and the Shaping of the Middle East, longtime Middle East watcher Professor Kirk Beattie seeks to arrive at a deeper understanding by looking closely at the inner workings of Congress. Beattie analyzes staffing, campaign funding, bipartisan alliances within the Senate and the House, and the agenda-driven allocation of foreign aid. He addresses the many internal and external pressures that impact such processes. His findings, based on interviews with members of Congress and their staff and years of research, are laid out in straight-talking prose that untangles the complexity of the issue.